History - 7Seasons Apartments Budapest - Accommodation in Budapest Centre

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Budapest as "one" city has only existed since 1873 - when the twin cities of Buda and Pest were united into a single city, together with the smaller Óbuda (old Buda) which became part of Buda. The history of the settlement here goes back as far as the second millennium BC. During the Great Age of Migrations, the area was settled by waves of nomad people, primarily by Scythians from the Caucasus and Celts from what is now France. Many original remnants to be viewed from this era even today (ie.Szaz Halom Batta).


During the 1st century BC, the Celtic Eravisci tribes were assimilated into what the Romans called Pannonia. A vast province of the great Roman Empire. Pannonia was governed from the fortified town of Aquincum (a must see) on the west bank of the Danube, (north of Arpad bridge). Ruins of a camp, viaducts, villas, baths and a well preserved amphitheatre can still be seen today.


The Romans pulled out in the 5th century AD to be succeeded by the Huns through fierce battles. Germanic tribes, Lombards, Avars and Slavs all passed through during the second Age of Migrations (following the split up of the Hun tribe, after Attila the Hun died). Until the arrival of the Magyars in about 896. While other tribes spread across the entire Carpathian basin, the clan of Árpád settled down on Csepel sziget (Csepel Island), A very large island surrounded by the deep waters of the Danube, forming a good defensive shelter for the settlers who started agricultural works (south part of Budapest today). It was Árpád's brother, Buda, who graciously gave his name to the west bank of this new settlement.



Arpad was the first king of the Magyars (what Hungarians call themselves). It was under the Árpád dynasty that Hungary became a Christian state, ruled first from Esztergom and later from Székesfehérvár.


The development of Buda and Pest's wide riverbanks did not really start until the 12th century, and was largely thanks to the French, Walloon and German settlers who migrated here and worked and traded along the banks of the Danube, here under royal protection. Both towns were devastated by the invading Mongols in 1241 and subsequently rebuilt by colonists from Germany, who re-named Buda " Ofen ", after its numerous lime-kilns. (The "Pest" name, which has a Slav origin, also means "oven".) During the 14th century, the Angevin kings from France established Buda as the royal seat of centralized power. They built a succession of palaces on the Várhegy. Reaching it's height in the apogee during the Renaissance times under the reign of "Good King" Mátyás (1458-90) and his Italian-born wife, Queen Beatrice, with a golden age of prosperity and a flourishing of the arts.


Hungary's catastrophic bloody defeat by the invading Turks at Mohács in 1526, led by Suleiman I, the Magnificent sultan, paved the way for the Turkish occupation of Buda and Pest. It lasted 160 years until a pan-European multy national army besieged Buda Castle for six weeks, finally recapturing it at the 12th attempt and lots of lives lost on both sides.


Under Habsburg rule , with control directly administered from Vienna or Bratislava. Recovery was followed by a rejuvenating period of intensive economic and architectural growth. During the second half of the eighteenth century, Budapest was often referred to as the twin city to Vienna, due to it's influence in the design of the buildings during this period of "occupation".


In the first decades of the following century, Pest became the center of the Reform movement led by Count Széchenyi, whose vision of progress was embodied in the construction of the Lánchíd (Chain Bridge). This became the first permanent bridge between Buda and Pest, which had until then, relied strictly on pontoon bridges or barges and ferries.


When the Habsburg empire was shaken by a multitude of anti-king and anti-monarchy revolutions which broke out in it's domain, across Europe in March 1848 , local reformists and radicals took advantage of the opportunity. With the leadership of Lajos Kossuth (1802-94), and the "people's rights-libarls" dominated parliament, Sándor Petofi {a renown poet}(1823-49) and his fellow impromptu revolutionaries began to plot downfall of the Habsburgs in Budapest at the Café Pilvax (which exists even today in central Pest). From here, they planned and mobilized crowds on the streets of Pest, leading to the steps of the National Museum where Petofi recited his very moving "call to arms" poem which roused up the crowds and gave a push start of emotions to the people. Spreading like wildfire as people passed it on as "word of mouth", creating passion for the revolution, equal to the French revolution. After the civil War of fighting for independence ended in defeat for the Hungarians, Habsburg repression was epitomized by the newly built hilltop Citadella on Gellért mountain, built to frighten the citizens with its cannons and large garrison of soldiers overlooking the entire city.


Following the agreement of Compromise of 1867, which made an allowance for a Dual Monarchy, familiarly known to its subjects as the K & K (from the German for "Emperor and King"), the twin cities underwent rapid growth and expansion and finally, formally merged. Pest was extensively remodeled as mentioned earlier in the image of Vienna, acquiring the main artery; Nagykörút (Great Boulevard) and Andrássy út which led out to Heroe's Square and a great park with fountains and lakes. Budapest's millennial anniversary celebrations (of the settlement of the Magyars in the region) in 1896 brought a fresh rush of construction and development. The Hosök tere (Heroes' Square) and Vajdahunyad Castle, located at end of Andrássy út are just two perfect examples of the monumental scale and style that influenced the age. New suburbs were created to make room and house the rapidly growing and financially expanding population, which by now was predominantly Magyar, although there developed a sizable German as well as a Jewish community with "in-migration to the city". At the beginning of the 20th century the cultural efflorescence and sparkling energy of abundance and well being of Budapest rivaled that of Vienna (Wien) and its café society that of Paris - a belle époque extinguished by World War I.



In the aftermath of defeat of the Germans in WW II (Hungarian leaders of government made the unfortunate decision to join), Budapest endured and had to swallow the Soviet-ruled Republic of Council under the leadership of Béla Kun (a puppet of the Soviet communists) and an occupation by the Romanian army which was sent there by the Soviets (Romanians recognizing that the war was lost, quickly switched sides and partnered with the Communist Soviets to save themselves). Later, status quo was restored by a charismatic leader in the person of Admiral Horthy (a Navy Admiral), self-appointed regent for the exiled King Karl IV. The "Admiral without a fleet, for the exiled king without a kingdom". Whose domain and regency was characterized by gala balls as well as hunger marches by the poor. Of bombastic nationalism and anti-Semitism by inheritance, again inherited by joining the wrong side (the Nazis), who promised the sweet reward of re-joining of the Hungarian nation as a whole in the post Trianon era (which cut away half of the Hungarian population from it's home and made it part of Romania etc. mentioned earlier). Yet Horthy was considered a moderate compared to the Arrow Cross Fascists of Hungary, whose power grew as World War II raged across Europe.


Anticipating and knowing about Horthy's communication with the Allies and possible defection from the Axis alliance in 1944, Nazi Germany staged a coup and overthrew Horthy as the leader. The Germans installed an Arrow Cross government, which enabled them to without mercy, begin the un obstructed massacre of the Jews of Budapest. Upon retreating, the Germans also blew up all the Danube bridges as a way of hampering the progress of the Communist Red Army of the Soviets. A six month long siege of Budapest reduced the entire city, but mostly the Vár (Castle District) to rubble (Since it was assigned to the mostly Hungarian army with German leadership to defend and to "hold back"). Most roofs in Budapest were blown in by Soviet bombs, walls blown in by Soviet tanks. The occupants sought shelter in cellars and ate dead horsemeat found in the streets just to survive (imagine not having food delivered to your area for 6 months).


As the Communists gained power by force as the Americans an other Allies retreated and gave way, fearing the Communists, the former Arrow Cross torture chambers in the prisons filled up once again. But this time with the Soviet appointed staff mad up of mostly opportunity seekers to gain wealth and power over their neighbors. not to mention the huge statue of the Soviet dictator (whose name was bestowed upon Budapest's main street) symbolized the reign of terror carried out on his own people by Mátyás Rákosi (a puppet to the Soviet Communists) also know as; Hungary's "Little Stalin", the murderer of his own people, worse then the modern day Saddam Hussein. However there was some brightness for the suffering population, his liberally inclined successor, Imre Nagy. He gave hope to the people (until he was executed), who refused to tolerate a comeback of the earlier hardliner communists of the 1956 regime (where tens and thousands of innocent people were massacred in the streets of Budapest) while the greedy selfish Hungarian Communist/Soviet supported leaders tried to regain power). In Budapest, peaceful protests turned into a city-wide uprising literally overnight. Men, women and children defying Soviet tanks on the streets (reminiscent of Beijing not too long ago). Thousands of women and children slaughtered "at sight", day and night if found on the streets or at whim.


Starvation and oppression was used as a standard tool by the communist power-hungry Hungarians who changed sides for their own gains. Random arrests sparked many times by jealous or greedy neighbors as informants made people disappear into trucks, never to be heard from again. The slaughter of the citizens of Budapest. A bloodbath partly spawned by American promises to assist, which never came. (See documentation "Association of the US Army 1956"). Hungarians historically always joined the later "loser side" fueled by promises to regain it's territories (meaning where Hungarian speaking, Hungarian blood descendents live for sometimes a thousand years). Today, 2/3 of Hungarians don't physically live within the country's borders.


After Soviet power had been forcefully restored, and elected leader by the Soviets in the person of János Kádár. Initially reviled as a quisling, gradually normalized conditions (thanks to the death of Stalin, the mass murderer Soviet leader), embarking on cautious reforms to create a "goulash-socialism" that made Hungary the envy of its Warsaw Pact neighbors (where the power hungry corrupt leaders would not loosen their grip on their own brothers and sisters). Due to the cooperative efforts of Kadar and huge loans taken from the West, to offset the failing economy, Hungary became the West's favorite Communist state during the late 1970s. A decade later, the self empowered regime saw the writing on the wall and anticipated Gorbachev by promising free elections (no bread? well let them eat cake....), hoping to reap public gratitude. Instead, as Communism was toppled in Berlin and Prague, the only party, the communist party, was simply voted out of power in Hungary (unfortunately the players are still around today). It was such an orderly transition (none of the leaders wanted to get lynched) from one system to another, yet so pregnant with consequences. Hungarians simply refer to all that has happened since then as "the Changes"(well propagandized and staged by the 'transitional government' of you know who...). The belief of the communist leaders, that they can just switch coats did not materialize, since the people knew exactly for what and who they were. Unfortunately, knowledge without action is like not showing up for a football/foci game and letting the other side continue up the ladder. It is a difficult call that most Hungarians, in fear for their well being are afraid to call even today. The power of the "people of position" still threaten the "out spoken" via their friends (and their connections), located at all parts of the chain of government and civil service. The flip side is also 'heard' to be true; money talks, people assist (for which this forum is not the place to dwell into).


source: Budapest.com


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jcbreizh, Saint-Malo (France),
"I would like to Thanks so much all the team from 7Seasons, I work in a hotel too it is one the best hotel/apartments and team I ever seen! Location is perfect right in Kiraly Utca and it's a very good value for price! So I recommend 100% this place you can't be deceived."
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Thang, Graz (Austria),
"The apartment was excellently equiped with full kitchen facilities, fridge, disk washer, bathroom, washing machine, elegant living room and warm bedroom. The location is excellent, near the metro station... This is a perfect accommodation for family, friend groups and everyone in Budapest and was the best place ever we've stayed in Europe and Australia."
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Patric D., London (UK),
"The aparthotel has all the basics, its is clean, comfortable and nicely decorated. The location is great, a short walk (15 min) to the Chain Bridge and all the amenities are available just few steps away. The staff was really friendly, Flora that was at the reception when we arrived on a Sunday evening gave us the best reception and answered all our question with patience and a smile."
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